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考博英语阅读理解每日一练(12.10)

2012-4-16 17:27| 发布者: as2113710| 查看: 755| 评论: 0

摘要: 考博英语阅读理解每日一练(12.10)  Much of the language used to describe monetary policy, such as steering the economy to a soft landing or a touch on the brakes, makes itself sound like a precise s ...

考博英语阅读理解每日一练(12.10)


  Much of the language used to describe monetary policy, such as steering the economy to a soft landing or a touch on the brakes, makes itself sound like a precise science. Nothing could be further from the truth. The link between interest rates and inflation is uncertain. And there are long, variable lags before policy changes have any effect on the economy. Hence there is an analogy that likens the conduct of monetary policy to driving a car with a blackened windscreen, a cracked rearview mirror and a faulty steering wheel.

  Given all these disadvantages, central bankers seem to have had much to boast about of late. Average inflation in the big seven industrial economies fell to a mere 2.3% last year, close to its lowest level in 30 years, before rising slightly to 2.5% this July. This is a long way below the double-digit rates which many countries experienced in the 1970s and early 1980s.

  It is also less than most forecasters had predicted. In late 1994 the panel of economists which The Economist polls each month said that America's inflation rate would average 3.5% in 1995. In fact, it fell to 2.6% in August, and is expected to average only about 3% for the year as a whole. In Britain and Japan inflation is running half a percentage point below the rate predicted at the end of last year. This is no flash in the pan; over the past couple of years, inflation has been consistently lower than expected in Britain and America.

  Economists have been particularly surprised by favourable inflation figures in Britain and the United States, since conventional measures suggest that both economies, and especially America's, have little productive slack. America's capacity utilisation, for example, hit historically high levels earlier this year, and its jobless rate (5.6% in August) has fallen below most estimates of the natural rate of unemployment-the rate below which inflation has taken off on the past.

  Why has inflation proved so mild? The most thrilling explanation is, unfortunately, a little defective. Some economists argue that powerful structural changes in the world have upended the old economic models that were based upon the historical link between growth and inflation.

  67. From the passage we learn that ________.

  (A)there is a definite relationship between inflation and interest rates

  (B)economy will always follow certain models

  (C)the economic situation is better than expected

  (D)economists had foreseen the present economic situation

  68. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?

  (A)Making monetary policies is comparable to driving a car.

  (B)An extremely low jobless rate will lead to inflation.

  (C)A high unemployment rate will result from inflation.

  (D)Interest rates have an immediate effect on the economy.

  69. The sentence This is no flash in the pan (line 5, paragraph 3) means that ________.

  (A)the low inflation rate will last for some time

  (B)the inflation rate will soon rise

  (C)the inflation will disappear quickly

  (D)there is no inflation at present

  70. The passage shows that the author is ________ the present situation.

  (A)critical of  (B)puzzled by  (C)disappointed at  (D)amazed at

  cbad

考博英语阅读理解每日一练(12.10)的延伸阅读——2012考研冲刺备考技巧最牛十二式

  第一式;单词会也得会,不会也得会。
  朝纲的词是完全可以通过上下文猜到的。这就是不会的你可以在考试时弄懂。猜的技巧就是,上下文中肯定有和超纲词所在句子相关的句子,肯定可以找出和超纲词词性相近的词汇,再对比下两句的结构,就会发现,要么一句是另一句的同义替换,要么就是一句是另一句的深度解释。
  第二式:对于慢热型选手,要自己先预热
  你对新事物的理解比其他人要慢一些,或者说你需要花费一段时间去揣摩下才能发现解决问题的诀窍的话,那么无论在你正式考试前,还是平时模拟测验前,都要先预热一下,对你做题非常有帮助的。就像太极拳的打法,由慢至快,由柔至刚,直至达到速度飘忽不定,刚柔相并,才是最高境界。
  第三式:英语、数学天天不要落。
  同时考数学和英语的人,在最后的两个月里,数学和英语每天都要进行,比如今天复习了数学就要复习些英语,今天看了些英语就也要再做点数学题。直到考试的前一天也是如此。
  第四式:训练阅读,点到即可。
  阅读能力的提高是很漫长的事情。可考试不等人,到了后期,如果是你打好了一定的基础的话,练习阅读,就不要再看课外的英语读物了。不是说它不好,而是说它不是最佳方式。以研究历年考研真题为主,勤学苦练,才是最终攻克考研英语阅读的不二法门。
  第五式:要算分
  英语多是选择题,如果你基础不好想凭上考场那一时的运气,那你说胜算是多少呢?
  第六式:要专项突破
  翻译和新题型其实提高起来比较快,这段时间就是要好好突击下这两块的题目。
  第七式:重视写作得分
  在真题演练的过程中,考生要善于发现语言亮点,总结出一套适合自己的写作模板,这样既可以提高自己写作水平,又避免了与其他模板雷同,造成千篇一律,真正拿到写作高分。
  第八式:数学复习要保持充足的睡眠
  数学是智慧的游戏,据我所知许多数学家、数学高手都是很会睡觉很会休息的人,好的休息才能保证大脑有好的状态,才能玩得好数学,也就是说不能打“疲劳战”,会休息的人才会学习。
  第九式、错题集是你的好老师
  据经验,很多考生在真正考试的时候都会犯自己以前犯过的错误,原因就是遗忘。类似于英语背单词一样,对于容易忘记的解题方法,实在想不出来就记下来,时不时地去翻看。
  第十式:考试一定要卡时间做题
  无论哪一科,最后考试之前,都要把时间换算好。
  第十一式:巧背政治
  政治要分开科目去对待,哲学和政经基本是不需要怎么背的,其余都是要背的。如果对分数要求较高的话,应该多做题,从题目中就可以找到考点,精背常考点的知识点。
  第十二式:工欲善其事,必先利其器
  写字答题的笔,还是很有讲究的。要选对颜色。最后需要注意,我们选择签字笔时,要选择细笔头的,最好用0.35的,而不要用0.5的。0.5的有点粗,我们的英语答题卡大小类似于A4纸的一半大,所以要用细笔头的笔写才够地方。
  现在只能想到的就这些了,以后想起来再做补充吧!祝你考研成功!


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