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ETS官网GRE5分范文赏析

2015-4-24 16:09| 投稿者: ayawei| 评论: 0

摘要: ETS官网GRE5分范文赏析  As people rely more and more on technology to solve problems, the ability of humans to think for themselves will surely deteriorate.   Discuss the extent to which you agree ...
ETS官网GRE5分范文赏析

  As people rely more and more on technology to solve problems, the ability of humans to think for themselves will surely deteriorate.

  Discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position.

  Essay Response — Score 5

  Surely many of us have expressed the following sentiment, or some variation on it, during our daily commutes to work: "People are getting so stupid these days!" Surrounded as we are by striding and strident automatons with cell phones glued to their ears, PDA's gripped in their palms, and omniscient, omnipresent CNN gleaming in their eyeballs, it's tempting to believe that technology has isolated and infantilized us, essentally transforming us into dependent, conformist morons best equipped to sideswip one another in our SUV's.

  Furthermore, hanging around with the younger, pre-commute generation, whom tech-savviness seems to have rendered lethal, is even less reassuring. With "Teen People" style trends shooting through the air from tiger-striped PDA to zebra-striped PDA, and with the latest starlet gossip zipping from juicy Blackberry to teeny, turbo-charged cell phone, technology seems to support young people's worst tendencies to follow the crowd. Indeed, they have seemingly evolved into intergalactic conformity police. After all, today's tech-aided teens are, courtesy of authentic, hands-on video games, literally trained to kill; courtesy of chat and instant text messaging, they have their own language; they even have tiny cameras to efficiently photodocument your fashion blunders! Is this adolescence, or paparazzi terrorist training camp?

  With all this evidence, it's easy to believe that tech trends and the incorporation of technological wizardry into our everyday lives have served mostly to enforce conformity, promote dependence, heighten comsumerism and materialism, and generally create a culture that values self-absorption and personal entitlement over cooperation and collaboration. However, I argue that we are merely in the inchoate stages of learning to live with technology while still loving one another. After all, even given the examples provided earlier in this essay, it seems clear that technology hasn't impaired our thinking and problem-solving capacities. Certainly it has incapacitated our behavior and manners; certainly our values have taken a severe blow. However, we are inarguably more efficient in our badness these days. We're effective worker bees of ineffectiveness!

  If T\technology has so increased our senses of self-efficacy that we can become veritable agents of the awful, virtual CEO's of selfishness, certainly it can be beneficial. Harnessed correctly, technology can improve our ability to think and act for ourselves. The first challenge is to figure out how to provide technology users with some direly-needed direction.

  Reader Commentary for Essay Response — Score 5

  The language of this essay clearly illustrates both its strengths and weaknesses. The flowery and sometimes uncannily keen descriptions are often used to powerful effect, but at other times this descriptive language results in errors in syntax. See, for example, the problems of parallelism in the second-to-last sentence of paragraph 2 ("After all, today's tech-aided teens ...").

  There is consistent evidence of facility with syntax and complex vocabulary ("Surrounded as we are by striding and strident automatons with cell phones glued to their ears, PDA's gripped in their palms, and omniscient, omnipresent CNN gleaming in their eyeballs, it's tempting to believe..."). However, such lucid prose is often countered by an over-reliance on abstractions and tangential reasoning. For example, what does the fact that video games "literally train [teens] to kill" have to do with the use or deterioration of thinking abilities?

  Because this essay takes a complex approach to the issue (arguing, in effect, that technology neither enhances nor reduces our ability to think for ourselves, but can do one or the other, depending on the user) and because the author makes use of "appropriate vocabulary and sentence variety," a score of 5 is appropriate.

ETS官网GRE5分范文赏析的延伸阅读——合理安排GRE学习时间。
  1、第一步:明确GRE词汇量空间。

  任何的词汇[wiki]记忆[/wiki],都不是所有英文单词的记忆。一定要根据需要,明确自己的词汇量空间。一般来说,目前的各种词汇辅导的书已经很多,不需要自己去样本采集。

  教学大纲的要求。比如初中英语,大纲要求是词汇量830(再加上157词组)。高考大纲要求英语词汇量是2832个(最近大纲的要求还有降低,好像在 2500左右)。大学4级词汇量4000个。6级词汇量是5500个。虽然每年新大纲的要求会出现修订。但是4级4500,6级7500完全可以满足要求。

  然而,对于较高层次英语水平的词汇量,不再局限地要求词汇量的绝对多少,对于研究生英语,记忆6级词汇已经够用。这时候,构词法的理解更为重要。至于考托福、GRE,10000词汇量是高分必备,而20000词汇量,有当然最好,没有也不影响阅读速度。

  建议选择简单明了的词汇表,看着要少而薄,每页单词list尽可能多。选择一本好的词汇表,可以说是决定了下一步的难度和信心耐心。这时候应该注意区分两种需求。买书的时候,书厚实一些、内容全一些丰富一些,让人觉得实在,对得起书价,从而决定购买。但是在看书的时候,书越薄、越简单,就越容易接受,降低畏难情绪。特别是词汇表,本身比较枯燥乏味,进度慢就不会有成就感,锐气也会消磨光。

  初学者,我推荐《大学英语教学大纲通用词汇表》(大学英语教学大纲词表调整小组编 上海外语教育出版社/高等教育出版社)。其中1-4级价格8.00元;5-6级价格3.00元。

  有的人强调背字典,因为字典上每个词的解释比较全面。但这是针对骨灰级人物——也就是英文高手的,对于一般人学习并不合适。

  2、第二步:看GRE单词表。

  先集中看单词,而不是背单词。这个阶段7-21天。

  在最短的时间内,把所有常用的单词粗粗看一遍。不要刻意去记忆,但是要认真,调用心里的所有感觉来接受每一个生词。

  一般来说,对于6级5500词汇量,可以一天用0.5-2小时看一遍。由于人都有本能集中注意陌生词汇,浏览速度将越来越快。

  以这种方法突击,是最容易见效的。

  但是,一定要用心。如果心早就飞到天外,仅仅机械地翻看这些书页,是一点意义都没有的。

  之所以是看单词而不要念单词,这是为了突破阅读障碍。在阅读的过程中,往往是默读影响了阅读速度。我们必须把视觉刺激整合起来,对应思维要求,达到飞速阅读的境界。在未来的应用中,即使是考试,口语和听力都是较小的部分。大多数人学习英语的目的也不是为了应付考试,而是作为工具能够在将来能够流畅地阅读和翻译各种资料,比如浏览外国网站,学习国外先进技术和经营管理思想等。不要让少量应用占用了大量的学习时间和运用时间。

  看单词比背单词有效。这是因为看单词的时候比较轻松,不容易产生疲劳,此外,也很容易达到形成整体单词结构轮廓印象的速度。

  3、第二步:想GRE单词表。

  从看单词的第三天开始,就需要想单词。这是调用记忆,让单词不断地从脑子里过。

  想单词是系统学习法最关键的一步。

  想单词是脱离书本的最好方法。可以在任何空闲的时候进行。要尽量在脑子里多过几遍,这样,留下的印象要深得多,可以经年不忘,就算以后忘记,由于已经形成思维短路,也很容易再拣起来。

  在刚开始的时候,可以按照词汇表来回忆单词。也就是让词汇表在脑海重现。

  想单词的速度比看单词要快。对于记忆来说,看单词是“记”的过程,想单词是“忆”的过程。“记”“忆”的最有效结合就是“看”“想”结合。

  在七天以后,想单词可以尝试自己分类归纳总结。这时候应该让单词概念和实际事物对应,形成image(形象)。

  一般来说,归纳总结的依据是单词的区别和联系。找到单词的特点,形成概念群并捆绑,是深化记忆的最佳办法。建立单词之间的逻辑关系是很重要的。这样可能对一些几年没用过一次的单词都牢牢记得。

  单词的特点有很多。发音,词根变化,外形差异,内容,使用范围等等,都是思考的重点。

  在想不起的时候,要及时地看书,补上。

  “学而不思则罔,思而不学则殆”,这是学习的真谛。

  想单词将伴随英语学习的一生。但是在突击阶段过去以后,可以适当降低其深度和广度,减少想单词的时间。

  最后希望你明确的一点是:学是为了使用,现学现用是最有效的学习方法。

  使用是多方面多角度的。使用的过程,能真正发现单词和短语的特点和使用环境的需要,因此是树状结构细化的过程。也只有通过实际应用,网状联系才可能较准确较细致地铺开。实践是广泛联系的基础。

  在刚开始的时候,由于条件不具备,我建议从大量的[wiki]快速阅读[/wiki]开始。阅读材料不需要很难。为培养速度和感觉的时候,往往是越简单越好。初学者可以看一些国外儿童读物,趣味短文,如幽默和童话故事。

  大量阅读可以迅速形成整体意念,并在单词的使用环境做出定格和校正。有前面的铺垫,阅读不存在单词的障碍,这时的注意力就应该转移到单词在文章中的映射上。

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