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GRE阅读考试练习题及答案5

2012-8-4 14:56| 投稿者: bjangel| 评论: 6

摘要: GRE阅读考试练习题及答案5  My objective is to analyze certain forms of knowledge, not in terms of repression or law, but in terms of power. But the word power is apt to lead to misunderstandings abou ...
GRE阅读考试练习题及答案5

  My objective is to analyze certain forms of knowledge, not in terms of repression or law, but in terms of power. But the word power is apt to lead to misunderstandings about the nature, form, and unity of power. By power, I do not mean a group of institutions and mechanisms that ensure the subservience of the citizenry. I do not mean, either, a mode of subjugation that, in contrast to violence, has the form of the rule. Finally, I do not have in mind a general system of domination exerted by one group over another, a system whose effects, through successive derivations, pervade the entire social body. The sovereignty of the state, the form of law, or the overall unity of a domination are only the terminal forms power takes.
  It seems to me that power must be understood as the multiplicity of force relations that are immanent in the social sphere; as the process that, through ceaseless struggle and confrontation, transforms, strengthens, or reverses them; as the support that these force relations find in one another, or on the contrary, the disjunctions and contradictions that isolate them from one another; and lastly, as the strategies in which they take effect, whose general design or institutional crystallization is embodied in the state apparatus, in the formulation of the law, in the various social hegemonies.
  Thus, the viewpoint that permits one to understand the exercise of power, even in its more “peripheral” effects, and that also makes it possible to use its mechanisms as a structural framework for analyzing the social order, must not be sought in a unique source of sovereignty from which secondary and descendent forms of power emanate but in the moving substrate of force relations that, by virtue of their inequality, constantly engender local and unstable states of power. If power seems omnipresent, it is not because it has the privilege of consolidating everything under its invincible unity, but because it is produced from one moment to the next, at every point, or rather in every relation from one point to another. Power is everywhere, not because it embraces everything, but because it comes from everywhere. And if power at times seems to be permanent, repetitious, inert, and self-reproducing, it is simply because the overall effect that emerges from all these mobilities is a concatenation that rests on each of them and seeks in turn to arrest their movement. One needs to be nominalistc, no doubt: power is not an institution, and not a structure; neither is it a certain strength we are endowed with; it is the name that one attributes to a complex strategic situation in a particular society.
  17. The author’s primary purpose in defining power is to
  (A) counteract self-serving and confusing uses of the term
  (B) establish a compromise among those who have defined the term in different ways
  (C) increase comprehension of the term by providing concrete examples
  (D) demonstrate how the meaning of the term has evolved
  (E) avoid possible misinterpretations resulting from the more common uses of the term
  18. According to the passage, which of the following best describes the relationship between law and power?
  (A) Law is the protector of power.
  (B) Law is the source of power.
  (C) Law sets bounds to power.
  (D) Law is a product of power.
  (E) Law is a stabilizer of power.
  19. Which of the following methods is NOT used extensively by the author in describing his own conception of power?
  (A) Restatement of central ideas
  (B) Provision of concrete examples
  (C) Analysis and classification
  (D) Comparison and contrast
  (E) Statement of cause and effect
  20. With which of the following statement would the author be most likely to agree?
  (A) Power tends to corrupt; absolute power corrupts absolutely.
  (B) The highest proof of virtue is to possess boundless power without abusing it.
  (C) To love knowledge is to love power.
  (D) It is from the people and their deeds that power springs.
  (E) The health of the people as a state is the foundation on which all their power depends.
  21. The author’s attitude toward the various kinds of compulsion employed by social institutions is best described as
  (A) concerned and sympathetic
  (B) scientific and detached
  (C) suspicious and cautious
  (D) reproachful and disturbed
  (E) meditative and wistful
  22. According to the passage, states of power are transient because of the
  (A) differing natures and directions of the forces that create them
  (B) rigid structural framework in which they operate
  (C) unique source from which they emanate
  (D) pervasive nature and complexity of the mechanisms by which they operate
  (E) concatenation that seeks to arrest their movement
  23. It can be inferred from the passage that the author believes the conflict among social forces to be
  (A) essentially the same from one society to another even though its outward manifestation may seem different
  (B) usually the result of misunderstandings that impede social progress
  (C) an inevitable feature of the social order of any state
  (D) wrongly blamed for disrupting the stability of society
  (E) best moderated in states that possess a strong central government
  E D B D B A C

 

GRE阅读考试练习题及答案延伸阅读——gre词汇速记方法

 

  一、gre词汇初记

  这个阶段是我们打下词汇基础的过程。我们在这个阶段需要一本涵盖最全面,释义最准确的词汇书,通常我们选择余敏洪所作的《GRE词汇精选》(红宝书),然后根据自己的或是前人总结的计划(如杨鹏17)经过一遍到三五遍的词汇记忆,对GRE的词汇有一个初步的印象和记忆。这个阶段结束,我们就已经在词汇这座碉堡上打开了一个突破口。

  二、gre词汇巩固

  词汇之所以耗费时间就是因为没有人可以只用一两遍就可以将数万BT单词烂熟于心,而是需要反复的复习和巩固。这个阶段是我们加深词汇在脑海中的印象和初步认识其在题目中应用的过程。

  三、gre词汇深化

这个阶段不是完全与第二个阶段分开,可以看作是第二阶段的深化过程。这个阶段是在词汇已经熟练到了一定程度的基础上,通过对于词义和用法的进一步精确理解,达到全面掌握已有词汇和增补新词的过程。

  四、类反实战

全面掌握了词汇不等于能作对题目,如果不经过实战的磨练,我们就会像虚竹一般,空有一身绝世内功却不知如何使用。这个阶段我们要全面投入到真题中,结合前人的优秀解题思路,攻克真题,而这也是我们记忆词汇的最终目的。

   

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